Theresa May has made the support of ordinary working families the foundation of her domestic policy agenda, and for good reason.
Ordinary working families form the bedrock of the United Kingdom, they are the engine of our economy, the glue that holds our society together and an increasingly important part of the electorate. Supporting these families ensures that they are able to live fulfilled lives, and actively contribute to and participate in society.
When ordinary working families thrive, all of society thrives.
Much attention has been drawn to the ’47 boundary’, the age where support shifts between the UK’s two biggest political parties. Working parents encompass a large proportion of the population below this age and for these parents, arranging suitable childcare is their number one priority. It must be available before they can consider doing anything else.
But we’re at risk of taking a retrograde step. The legacy coalition government’s plans to close Childcare Vouchers to new entrants in April 2018 are still in motion.
There’s a huge opportunity to keep Childcare Vouchers open and use this moment to create a comprehensive childcare support package that will benefit British society as a whole.
780,000 parents are currently supported by Childcare Vouchers.
Childcare Vouchers and Tax-Free Childcare, side by side – the boldest childcare support policy ever delivered by a UK Government
The Government’s current plan is to introduce Tax-Free Childcare as a replacement to Childcare Vouchers, but doing so could have disastrous affects as they actually serve different parts of the population.
Tax-Free Childcare is better for the self-employed and those that can already afford to spend large amounts on childcare. A family would have to spend £8,000 of their own money to get the headline £2,000 of support from Tax-Free Childcare.
This contrasts with the average family spend on childcare of £3,276 each year according to Government figures. This family would only receive £655 of support. Lower than the £933 that would be offered to a single parent, basic rate tax payer using Childcare Vouchers.
However Childcare Vouchers offer a number of benefits that will be lost altogether if the scheme was closed.
- Childcare Vouchers is based on earnings, with lower rate tax payers able to claim more than higher rate tax payers.
- Childcare Vouchers support families where one parent stops working to look after an elderly relative. These families would lose all support with Tax-Free Childcare alone.
- Childcare Vouchers also provides support for Children between 12 and 16 while Tax-Free Childcare ends at 12.
- Childcare Vouchers are a private sector-led solution, removing the administrative burden from Government and involving the employer.
Rather than replacing one system with another and creating a large population of losers in the process, we could combine the two.
We’d retain the private sector-run, targeted solution offered by Childcare Vouchers and incorporate it with Tax-Free Childcare that provides support to those unable to access Childcare Vouchers.
Financial support helps but employers that have supportive practices and flexibility for parental responsibilities play an essential role in enabling parents to continue to work.
Childcare Vouchers are often the vehicle that fosters the engagement between employers and employees on the pressures of combining childcare and work. It is off the back of this that many workplace practices have been formed – such as flexible hours, opportunities to work from home, and onsite crèches – that allow parents to continue to work productively.
The impact of Childcare Vouchers administered via employers is huge:
- Well over 20 million of the 31 million UK employees have employers that offer Childcare Vouchers.
- Every large employer, every public sector organisation, every Government department, and the majority of medium sized companies offer access to Childcare Vouchers.
- Hundreds of small and medium sized companies register to be able to offer Childcare Voucher schemes every month.
- Over 780,000 employees are currently supported by Childcare Vouchers and it has helped millions to date.
This isn’t just about seizing the opportunity, but about preventing the impending crisis if we don’t.
The Department for Education’s figures show that Tax-Free Childcare operating alone would result in reverse-redistribution.
A world with Tax-Free Childcare and without Childcare Vouchers would give the average family in London three times as much support as those in the North East – £905 vs £312 per year.
There have already been a number of concerning headlines regarding the Childcare Choices website, through which Tax-Free Childcare is run. A quick search of #taxfreechildcare on Twitter will show the strength of animosity around the issue. And this is the case with only a minority of parents registered.
With the legacy plans, Childcare Vouchers will close to all new parents and any parent changing employer from April 2018. This will lead to a surge of parents applying to Tax-Free Childcare.
Current and prior experience suggests that there is a high risk of this causing significant issues. There have been a number of technical issues with the roll-out to date and parents with older children are still unable to access the scheme.
At the very least keeping Childcare Vouchers open past April 2018 provides a safety net when parents and Government may need it most.
A petition on the Government petitions website to keep Childcare Vouchers open has surpassed 100,000 signatures and a debate will now take place on Monday 15 January 2018 at 4.30pm in Westminster Hall. There is a genuine opportunity for the Government to get on the front foot ahead of this debate with a compelling vision, but the window of opportunity is narrow.
The Government clearly does not have unlimited funds and it should balance expenditure and tax receipts responsibly.
When devising Tax-Fee Childcare, the coalition government had not considered the broader benefits to the Government and to the economy through supporting parents into the workplace and helping them to stay there.
A report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation in December 2014 explored the gains to the Government and to local economies of reducing worklessness and low pay.
Every time an out-of-work claimant gets into work the Government saves almost £6,900 per annum, with the local economy benefiting by more than £14,000 per annum.
Every time someone moves into work, they increase UK Plc’s economic output by more than £13,000.
– Joseph Rowntree Foundation
The benefits to Government do not just come from increased taxation, but reduced expenditure on out-of-work benefits.
It is quite clear that the more we can do to help parents stay in work, the more we all benefit.
Implementing a policy like this would usually require lots of new legislation, however, we find ourselves at a unique juncture because Tax-Free Childcare is currently running alongside Childcare Vouchers at this very moment.
The secondary legislation required to close Childcare Vouchers has not yet been laid and so keeping it open would be simpler than closing it.
The Government has been gifted an opportunity to deliver a bold, positive, headline-grabbing policy without having to run the parliamentary gauntlet.
This would be a policy that actively offers the choice of the best childcare support to every parent depending on their situation. The retention of Childcare Vouchers means this policy is a private sector-led solution that removes the administrative burden from Government.
We think this is an issue of central importance to the electorate and one that Government should set out to address.
We would very much welcome contributions from businesses, parents, academics, parliamentarians and the Government to implement the future of childcare support. Please get in touch via our contacts page if you would like to contribute or arrange a meeting.